Easy Outcomes is very straight forward to use in practice if you just follow the steps set out on the Steps page on this site. However, a little explanation of two concepts behind the approach may help in some cases. 

Features of steps and outcomes

The first concept is that there are five major features of steps or outcomes within an outcomes model. Steps or outcomes in a model can be one or more of the following:

• Influencable - able to be influenced by a player

• Controllable - only influenced by one particular player

• Measurable - able to be measured

• Provable (Attributable) - able to be attributed to one particular player (i.e. proved that only one particular player changed it)

Accountable - something that a particular player will be rewarded or punished for.

The basic building blocks of outcomes models

The second concept is that there are five types of evidence (which can be called 'evidence cards') that can be used to prove that a program, organization (etc.) works. These are set out in the diagram on the left. They are as follows:

1. An outcomes model - setting out how you think your program is working - all of the important steps needed to achieve high-level outcomes.

2. Indicators - Not-necessarily attributable indicators showing general progress at meeting steps and outcomes. These do not need to be attributable to (able to be proved that they are caused by) any one player.

3. Attributable indicators - Indicators which by simply being measured imply that a particular player has caused them to occur. The measurements of outputs (the goods and services produced by a player) are attributable indicators.

4. Outcome evaluation - Types of evaluation which claim to prove that a  particular player has caused high-level outcomes to occur. This is called attributing changes in high-level outcomes to a program, organization etc. 

5. Non-high-level outcome evaluation - other types of evaluation which do not claim to measure high-level outcomes, but which are used to improve the implementation of an outcomes model and examine its content and context (called formative and process evaluation).

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